L-Taurine is a naturally occurring amino acid that is found in high concentrations in various tissues throughout the body, including the brain. It is often used as a dietary supplement for its potential health benefits.
L-Taurine has been shown to have cardioprotective effects, including reducing blood pressure and improving heart function. A meta-analysis of 12 randomized controlled trials demonstrated that L-Taurine supplementation significantly reduced systolic and diastolic blood pressure in adults with hypertension (Xiong et al., 2018). In addition, L-Taurine has been shown to improve left ventricular function in patients with heart failure (Azuma et al., 1992).
L-Taurine has been shown to have neuroprotective effects, including reducing oxidative stress and improving cognitive function. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study demonstrated that L-Taurine supplementation improved cognitive function and reduced oxidative stress in elderly individuals (Yamori et al., 2009). In addition, L-Taurine has been shown to improve neurological function and reduce brain damage in animal models of stroke (Li et al., 2016).
L-Taurine has been shown to improve athletic performance and reduce muscle damage. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study demonstrated that L-Taurine supplementation improved endurance performance in trained cyclists (Balshaw et al., 2013). In addition, L-Taurine has been shown to reduce muscle damage and soreness in athletes (Ra et al., 2013).